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Discovery by Nuclear Physicists Challenges the Way We Understand Forces in the Universe

Updated: Apr 12, 2020

A revelation by a group of specialists drove by University of Massachusetts Lowell atomic physicists could change how molecules are comprehended by researchers and help clarify extraordinary marvels in space.

The leap forward by the analysts uncovered that an evenness that exists inside the center of molecules isn't as essential as researchers have accepted. The disclosure reveals insight into the powers grinding away inside the core of molecules, making the way for a more prominent comprehension of the universe. The discoveries have been distributed in Nature, one of the world's chief logical diaries.

The revelation was made when the UMass Lowell-drove group was attempting to decide how nuclear cores are made in X-beam blasts – blasts that occur on the outside of neutron stars, which are the leftovers of gigantic stars toward an amazing finish.

"We are examining what occurs inside the cores of these molecules to all the more likely comprehend these astronomical wonders and, at last, to answer probably the greatest inquiry in science, how the synthetic components are made known to mankind," said Andrew Rogers, UMass Lowell right hand teacher of material science, who heads the examination group.

studying what happens inside the nuclei of these atoms to better understand these cosmic phenomena and, ultimately, to answer one of the biggest questions in science, how the chemical elements are created in the universe,” said Andrew Rogers, UMass Lowell assistant professor of physics, who heads the research team.

The research is supported by a $1.2 million grant from the U.S. Department of Energy to UMass Lowell and was conducted at the National Superconducting Cyclotron Laboratory (NSCL) at Michigan State University. At the lab, scientists create exotic atomic nuclei to measure their properties in order to understand their role as the building blocks of matter, the cosmos and of life itself.

Atoms are some of the smallest units of matter. Each atom includes electrons orbiting around a tiny nucleus deep within its core, which contains almost all its mass and energy. Atomic nuclei are composed of two nearly identical particles: charged protons and uncharged neutrons. The number of protons in a nucleus determines which element the atom belongs to on the periodic table and thus its chemistry. Isotopes of an element have the same number of protons but a different number of neutrons.

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